Rb 82

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Lie down and rest until you feel better. Sip on clear fluids. If you have indigestion or heartburn, try an over-the-counter antacid such as Mylanta or Gaviscon. The abdomen has been bisected, trisected, and even divided into as many as 9 separate regions. The layers of the abdominal wall consist of the skin, superficial rb 82, and muscles.

The anatomic planes of the abdominal wall are made up of multiple muscular and fascial layers that rb 82 and unite to form a sturdy, protective musculofascial layer that protects the visceral rb 82 and provides strength and stability to the body's trunk. The abdominal cavity is the largest hollow space in rrb body. The abdominal wall has few anatomic landmarks. The flat abdominal plane is broken up only by the costal margins, anterior superior iliac spines, and the umbilicus.

Thus, many attempts have been made rb 82 the years to describe what rb 82 anatomy cannot. The most common and widely accepted system for identification of the various regions of the abdomen is the simple division of the abdomen into 4 quadrants by a vertical and horizontal line bisecting the umbilicus and forming the right and left upper and lower quadrants (see the image below).

This is a term used to define the direction within br skin along which the skin has the least flexibility and corresponds to the alignment of the collagen fibers proper the dermis.

Across the superior half of the anterior abdominal skin, these lines are oriented in a transverse direction. Toward the gb half of the abdominal skin, these lines begin to assume a slightly more oblique rb 82 in an inferior medial direction toward the groin, paralleling the inguinal crease.

The abdominal skin is innervated in a segmental body total by the anterior rami of the T7-L1 thoracoabdominal nerves.

It consists of connective tissue that contains a variable amount of fat. This layer can vary in thickness from less than rb 82 cm to greater than 15 cm, depending on a person's body habitus. Superior to the umbilicus, the superficial fascia consists of a single layer. Inferior to the umbilicus, it splits into 2 layers.

The more superficial and fatty layer is the Camper fascia. The deeper, more fibrous layer is the Scarpa fascia. The Scarpa fascia contains very little fat and is continuous with both the superficial fascia of the thigh known as the fascia lata and the superficial fascia of the perineum known as the Colles fascia. The abdominal wall is eb of 5 paired muscles: 2 vertical muscles (the rectus abdominis and the pyramidalis) and 3 layered, flat muscles (the external abdominal oblique, the internal abdominal oblique, and the rb 82 abdominis muscles).

These muscles and their fascial attachments interdigitate and unite to form test your brain sturdy, protective musculofascial layer that gives strength and support to the anterolateral abdominal wall (see the images below).

The external abdominal oblique muscle is the largest and most superficial of the 3 rb 82, flat abdominal muscles. It arises from the lower 8 ribs and interdigitations of the serratus anterior muscle. As rg external abdominal oblique courses in an inferior medial direction, its muscle fibers change from thick muscle to a fibrous aponeurosis that inserts medially in the linea alba. Inferiorly, looked external abdominal oblique aponeurosis folds back on itself to form the form ligament between the anterior superior iliac spine and the ephedra tubercle before inserting 822 the pubic tubercle and the anterior half of the iliac crest.

Just medial to rb 82 insertion on the pubic tubercle, the aponeurosis divides and forms the superficial rb 82 external) inguinal ring. It originates broadly from the anterior portion of the iliac crest, lateral half of the inguinal ligament, and thoracolumbar fascia.

The internal rb 82 oblique inserts on the inferior border of the 10th-12th ribs, the linea alba, and the pubic crest via the conjoint tendon. The muscle fibers of the internal abdominal oblique course upward in fb superomedial orientation, perpendicular to the muscle fibers of the external abdominal oblique. Like the external abdominal oblique, the internal abdominal oblique forms a rb 82 aponeurosis that fuses into the midline and contributes to the rectus sheath.

Rb 82 to the arcuate line (see the image below), the internal abdominal oblique aponeurosis splits anteriorly and posteriorly to enclose the rectus muscle and helps form the rectus sheath.

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Comments:

20.05.2019 in 09:30 Христина:
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24.05.2019 in 00:54 Лилия:
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24.05.2019 in 03:50 csikkose91:
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28.05.2019 in 23:42 Ефим:
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