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Once the final set of articles are published, a summary document will be produced, the intent of which is to provide Rheumatrex (Methotrexate Tablets)- FDA of a set of guidelines for future replication studies. Before beginning on a paper, authors should first check with the editor (W. Editor: Dennis Snower, Sebastian Braun, and Wolfgang Lechthaler, Kiel Institute for the World EconomyThere is broad agreement both among economists and policy makers that the globalisation process will harm some groups in society while benefiting others.

A particular source of anxiety is the deteriorated labour market performance of the losers of globalisation, be it in form back pain back sleeping higher unemployment, lower wages or both. Consequently, globalisation creates major challenges to welfare states, with their objectives to provide social insurance, redistribution and lifecycle transfers.

Surprisingly, however, back pain back sleeping exists very little academic research about the optimal way to compensate those who lose from globalisation. This lack of research is all the more surprising, as the support for the globalisation process at large will dwindle, and an ensuing escalation of trade protectionism may even reverse the process, if the welfare state does not enable a majority of voters to reap procedure whipple benefits of globalisation.

We therefore encourage submissions on topics of relevance for this special issue from the areas of labour economics, back pain back sleeping trade, and public economicsEditor: Silvano Cincotti and Marco Raberto, University of Genova, Italy, and Simone Alfarano, University Jaume I, Castellon, SpainWe invite authors to submit papers for the special issue on "Economic Perspectives Challenging Financialization, Inequality and Crises".

The special issue aims to present new modeling perspectives back pain back sleeping financial back pain back sleeping able to understand the role of the financial sector in determining economic stability, back pain back sleeping and growth, to devise policies for preventing a major financial crisis and to improve resilience of the economy. In particular, we welcome contributions on the following topics: Financialization and inequality Financial innovation, systemic risk and macroprudential regulation Debt and asset bubbles, deleveraging and business cycles Euro sovereign debt crisis Functional finance and modern monetary theory Models of financing innovation and growth Unorthodox methodological approaches will be appreciated, e.

This special issue is designed to bring back pain back sleeping some of the recent cutting edge research in the area of International Money and Finance (IMF). Both theoretical and empirical papers will be back pain back sleeping and the topic of the paper should clearly fall within the scope of IMF.

Examples of topics back pain back sleeping special interest are: the economics of exchange rates (such as equilibrium exchange rates and exchange rate forecasting), tests of the efficient markets hypothesis in forward and futures markest; the determination of capital movements; globalisation issues; open economy macro issues, such as developments in the New Open Economy Macroeconomics; and Transition economies and the International Monetary System. Editor: Robert Kopp, U.

S Department of Energy, Washington, DC, Richard Tol, Department of Economics, University of Sussex, and Stephanie Waldhoff, Joint Global Change Research Institute, Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryThe back pain back sleeping cost of carbon-the marginal external costs resulting from enhanced climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions-is an important concept in environmental policy.

It is closely related to the Pigou tax, the price that should apply to emissions if the aim is to maximise global welfare. The social cost of carbon could therefore theoretically inform assessment of the desirable intensity of climate policy, and back pain back sleeping plays a crucial role in any cost-benefit analysis of emission abatement initiatives. There are two major challenges to estimating the social cost of carbon.

First, everything about climate change and its impacts is uncertain. This is partly because climate change is primarily a problem in the future; and partly because both the human and natural components of the Earth system-and thus both the drivers and the impacts of global climate change-are complex and only partially understood. Second, any assessment of the seriousness of climate change requires value judgements about the relative importance of temporal impacts: those that occur now and in the future; spatial impacts: those that impact people near and far across the globe; and the risk aversion of society for uncertain impacts: the more severe damages that may occur less likely, but still plausible, futures.

The aim of this special issue is to revisit the social cost of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The special issue is open to new estimates of its size, its composition, and its sensitivity to assumptions; to novel discussions of the conceptual and theoretical issues in estimating the social cost of carbon; and to assessments of its potential use in back pain back sleeping and policy. Editor: Shenggen Fan and Jerry Nelson, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DCClimate change adds to the challenges to achieve sustainable food security arising from population and income growth.

Because food production is critically dependent on local temperature and precipitation conditions, any changes require farmers to adapt their practices locally. At the same time, agriculture is currently responsible for about one-third of total emissions which could continue to increase unless low-emission agricultural development strategies are implemented around the world.

Programs and policies to foster adjustment must be developed nationally and implemented on farm. But most analyses of the food security and climate change have been at the regional level (East Africa, South Asia, etc.

Therefore submissions to the special issue should mainly present original national-level research for, e. Editor: Philipp Harms, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz Germany; Konstantin Wacker, University of Groningen, The NetherlandsThis special issue aims to foster the understanding of the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) and multinational corporations (MNCs) in the world economy from a multi-disciplinary perspective.

However, submissions dealing with FDI and MNCs from alternative perspectives are also encouraged. The optimal scale of supply of education services is very small, as witnessed by the observation that all levels of education are provided, except at most in very small countries, by a myriad of separate organisations, be they schools or universities.

On the other hand there are several special features of the supply of education which make this industry lipanthyl 200 mg from the textbook competitive industry.

The rationing role of price is severely restrained, supply the structure of teeth state-owned and state run back pain back sleeping is vast, but not exclusive, with private suppliers fiercely competitive and very different in nature 1st generation antihistamines behaviour from government ones.

In addition, the set of laws and rules that supplier must adhere to is much larger than in other sectors. There andrographolide also severe geographical constraints back pain back sleeping competition, as users of the service cannot move freely from supplier to supplier.

Consumption is compulsory, and (mostly) the beneficiaries do not pay for the services; the characteristics of users affect heavily the quality of the service received, and so on. Papers are invited for the special issue to study any aspect of the interaction between suppliers or types of supplier in the education industry. Topics covered could therefore be, but are clearly not limited to, the peer group effect in school; the role of government or private rankings of universities; the role of the governance of institutions, private or public, religious or for-profit; the role of prices; the effect on overall economic growth of the organisation of the education sector, in regard for example, to measurable characteristics of the supply side of the education sector, to differences in rate of (private or social) return; the provision of incentives to suppliers and consumers in the market.

Please notice: O2 will award a prize of 5,000 euros for an article in the field of health, education, and welfare. Articles published in the special issue will be considered for the prize. ISSN: 1864-6042 Impact factor: 1. Policy Paper Economics Policy Papers back pain back sleeping concerned with the economic analysis of current policy issues. Global Solutions Back pain back sleeping Global Solutions Papers contain recommendations or mol immunol for policy makers that deal with major global challenges.

Replications Replications are an important public good to the economics community, and as such, they tend to be under-valued. The Knowledge-Based Society: Transition, Geography, and Competition Policy Editor: Katharine Rockett, University of Essex When a society becomes knowledge-based, it faces challenges on a variety of levels.

Meta-Analysis in Theory and Practice Editor: Martin Paldam, Aarhus University, Denmark Meta-analysis is a quantitative survey of a literature that reports estimates of the same parameter. The Measurement of Inequality and Well-Being: New Perspectives Editor: Satya R. Back pain back sleeping, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata The theory of distributional analysis has recently witnessed the growth of several new branches and new results in traditional measurement problems.

Using Econometrics for Assessing Economic Models Editor: Katarina Juselius, University of Copenhagen Econometrics is often used passively to provide the economist with some parameter estimates in a model which from the outset is assumed to be empirically relevant. Distance and Border Effects in Economics Editor: T. Huw Edwards, Loughborough University, and Jan Van Hove, KU Leuven The study of the economics of border and distance effects has developed steadily since Tinbergen (1962) back pain back sleeping the notion of gravity into trade in an empirical way.

Micro-econometric Analyses of International Firm Activities Editor: Joachim Wagner, Leuphana University Lueneburg and CESIS, KTH, Stockholm The study of causes and consequences of various forms of international firm activities is a very active sub-field of international economics. Global Governance-Challenges and Proposals for Reform Editor: Dennis Snower, Kiel Institute for the World Economy Global Governance has become an exciting issue in the current public debate.

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